Article Number: DRJEIT076358214
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJEIT076358214
ISSN: 2354-4155

Vol. 9 (4), Pp. 107-117, May 2022

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article

This article is published under the terms of the

Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.


Original Research Article

Development and Testing of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Simulator

Suleiman A. I.*

Garuba, I. K.

Benjamin, O.


Abstract

With the recent increase in fossil fuel prices and the quest for cleaner renewable energy sources, wind turbines have emerged as an alternative power generation technology. Greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), contribute to global climate change. The most desirable goals of research in the design of small-scale wind turbine simulator are increased efficiency, decreased starting time, and ease of manufacture of rotor blades. This article analyses the design and potential power generation of a horizontal-axis wind turbine simulator. A multi-objective technique is used to evaluate a laboratory-scale horizontal axis wind turbine simulator in terms of output power and starting time for four different combinations of linear/nonlinear chord length and twist angle distributions along one-meter plastic blades. The power coefficient and beginning time are calculated using the blade element momentum theory. This simulator is critical, primarily to support wind energy harnessing in developing countries, as simplified distributions could make wind turbine blade manufacture easier. The wind turbine simulator is developed and built utilizing materials that are readily available in the area. The blade shape is modeled by an airfoil. The actual power is then measured at various wind speeds, and the power coefficient is calculated.


Keywords: Wind turbine, Blade, Twist angle, Airfoil, multi-objective design


 Received: April 17, 2022  Accepted: May 5, 2022  Published: May 9, 2022


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