Article Number: DRJEIT627531879
ISSN: 2354-4155

Vol. 9 (4), Pp. 139-152, May 2022

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This article is published under the terms of the

Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.

Original Research Article

Development and Testing of a Novel Pilot-Scale Solar Pyrolysis Reactor

*Suleiman, Abubakar Ibrahim

Oregbeme, Henry

Braimah, Jafaru

Abode, Ojata Harry


Thermochemical conversion methods such as gasification and pyrolysis have shown promise in harnessing solar energy. The feedstock in the reactor is heated using biomass or an electric run heater in the traditional pyrolysis method. This eventually leads to excessive energy use and the emission of greenhouse gases (GHG). Solar-assisted pyrolysis would be one of the solutions to the pyrolytic reactor’s heating problem. This study created and tested a unique pyrolysis system that used solar energy for pre-heating. Three Fresnel lenses were tested to determine the viability of using solar energy into a pyrolysis system. The innovative system’s test results were compared to those of the standard pyrolysis system. In comparison to the standard pyrolysis system, the solar-assisted system has lower fuel costs, energy usage, and GHG output. Under the current energy crisis, this technique as a supplement to fossil fuels requires increased attention.

Keywords: Biomass conversion, solar thermal applications, pyrolysis, reactor, fresnel lens

 Received: April 17, 2022  Accepted: May 5, 2022  Published: May 9, 2022

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