Article Number: DRJEIT91857637643
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJEIT91857637643
ISSN: 2354-4155

Vol. 9 (4), Pp. 118-127, May 2022

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article

This article is published under the terms of the

Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.


Original Research Article

Development and Testing of a Pyrolysis Machine for the Comparative Analysis of Selected Biomass Towards Biofuel Production

Fatima Parker Ikharo*

Suleiman Abubakar Ibrahim

Ibrahim Rasheed

Ajayi A. Stanley


Abstract

Biomass-to-energy conversion (also called bioenergy) covers various biomass forms and origins, conversion options, end-use applications and specifications for utilities. Lignocellulosic biomass may be converted to usable energy products through two distinct pathways: enzymatic or thermochemical conversion. The thermochemical route through Pyrolysis was proposed as a possible bioprocess option for the comparative analysis of Vitex Doniana and Gmelina Arborea (gmelina). This research designed and fabricated a pyrolysis machine used to investigate the physical and chemical properties of two fruit seeds, namely Vitex Doniana and Gmelina Arborea, using the fast pyrolysis method of bio-oil extraction. The prepared materials were pyrolysed in a fixed-bed pyrolysis reactor in the temperature range from 425 to 500 0C. The physicochemical properties and compositions of the feed materials and produced bio-oil were evaluated to quantify their potential for bio-energy use and industrial applications. The measured properties included density, moisture content, ash content, pH, refractive index, cetane index, elemental composition, viscosity, and heating values. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GCMS) and FT-IR spectrum analysis were used to evaluate the bio-oil production from both biomasses. A commercial natural zeolite, namely magnesium carbonate, was used as a catalyst to enhance the oil conversion. Two kilograms of the biomass were loaded into the reactor chamber for the pyrolysis process. The system’s primary components are a fixed bed reactor, fractionating cylinder, and liquid condenser. The reactor is heated using an LPG source.


Keywords: Pyrolysis, biomass, reaction chamber, fabrication cylinder, condenser


 Received: April 17, 2022  Accepted: May 5, 2022  Published: May 9, 2022


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