Article Number: DRJEIT039184275
ISSN: 2354-4155

Vol. 9 (4), Pp.167-177, May 2022

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article

This article is published under the terms of the

Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.

Original Research Article

Development of an Integrated Voting System and Method for Accommodating E-Ballots and Biometrics in Nigeria

*Braimoh, Mikhelovba Ezekiel

Al-Hasan, Fatimetu Olohigbe

Olubodun Ford Kolawole


Threats of coercion, intimidation, or physical harm have an impact on Nigeria’s voting process. Delaying, interrupting, or postponing a vote is one example of how violence can be used to exert control over a democratic process. In Nigeria, winners of competitive elections or referendums are desperate to win at any cost. In an election, two primary elements, namely INEC Ad-hoc workers, usually cause issues for the voting public. First, there is usually a lot of discussion concerning the voter’s eligibility. This is because the individuals’ ages and anthropometric measurements differ. Second, during election season, voters are routinely compelled to stand in long lines, exhausting them and rendering them unable to vote. Aspirants and their campaign staff also use deception to persuade voters to vote for them. When these variables are combined, any local, state, or national election is judged untrustworthy and unfair. As a result, a system with characteristics to reduce existing system inefficiencies is required. This study expanded on a prior e-voting system by employing an integrated voting mechanism. It was created and tested at Nigeria’s Auchi Polytechnic. The E-voting system used in this study combines Card Emulation and Reader-Writer modes. Although fingerprints can perform the same function as card readers, their individuality is preferable. It demonstrated that it may assist in the establishment of a voting system that would alleviate the problem of lineups during Nigerian elections. The study’s findings indicate that the created e-voting technology will foster high voter turnout and the credibility of the political process.

Keywords: E-voting system, queuing, elections, integrated voting system, Nigeria


 Received: April 19, 2022  Accepted: May 5, 2022  Published: May 12, 2022

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