Article Number: DRJPHET52452965

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJPHET52452965

ISSN: 2734-2182

Vol. 5 (8), pp. 130-137, December 2020

Copyright © 2020

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article


Original Research Article

Catalytic Conversion of Waste Plastics to Hydrocarbon Oil

Ogunyemi, O. I.

Popoola, O. E.*

Amaechina, I. O.

Ogunbisi, M. A.

Odusami, J. A.

Eruola, A. O.


Abstract

Plastics are polymers containing mostly carbon, hydrogen, and a few other elements. It contributes significantly to the problem of waste management due to its non-biodegradable nature. Conversion of waste plastics into a value-added product is therefore a viable solution. Waste plastic materials, polypropylene (PP), and polystyrene (PS) were subjected to thermal cracking with the aid of a laboratory-scale batch reaction. Eggshell was added as a catalyst, a control was set-up without a catalyst. The hydrocarbon oil obtained was analyzed using GC-FID, (5890 series II) Gas chromatograph. Analysis of the oil obtained showed that the mixture of plastics (PP and PS), gave the highest yield. Most of the hydrocarbons were in the range of C4-C12 which falls within the composition of commercial petrol. The use of this technology thus proffers a solution to the problem of combating plastic waste in addition to poverty alleviation.


Keywords: Waste plastics, catalytic conversion, hydrocarbon oil, gas chromatography


 Received: October 10, 2020  Accepted: December 24, 2020  Published: December 30, 2020

Ogunyemi Et Al


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